Otitis Externa ( Swimmer’s ear)
The most common cause of this infection is bacteria invading the skin inside your ear canal caused by minor trauma from cleaning, using hearing aids and other allergic skin problems or after swimming .Those with Diabetes are at risk of a severe form.
Otitis Media ( Infections of middle ear)
Acute otitis media usually occurs after a cold, allergy, or upper respiratory infection. The accumulation of fluid, pus and mucus behind the eardrum blocks the Eustachian tube . It causes pain, fever, drainage from the ear and decreased hearing If not treated, it can lead to temporary or permanent hearing loss.
Perforation of Ear Drum
The most common cause of rupture of ear drum is collection of fluids in the middle ear after an episode of otitis media. A ruptured eardrum usually heals within a few weeks. The other causes are a loud sound from overpowering sound wave from an explosion, air pressure changes associated with air travel, trauma to the ear or head, foreign bodies in the ear Symptoms are
- Pain in the ears
- Drainage from the ear
- Nausea and Vomiting
- Decreased Hearing
Barotrauma of the ear is injury sustained from failure to equalize the pressure of middle ear with that of the surrounding environment .The problem often occurs with altitude changes, such as flying, scuba diving, or driving in the mountains. Symptoms of barotrauma include blocked ears, ear pain, hearing loss, dizziness, ringing of the ear.